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Stream metabolism increases with drainage area and peaks asynchronously across a stream networkAuthor(s): Francine H. Mejia; Alexander K. Fremier; Joseph R. Benjamin; J. Ryan Bellmore; Adrianne Z. Grimm; Grace A. Watson; Michael Newsom
Source: Aquatic Sciences. 81(1): 17-.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionQuantifying the spatial and temporal dynamics of stream metabolism across stream networks is key to understanding carbon cycling and stream food web ecology. To better understand intra-annual temporal patterns of gross primary production (GPP) and ecosystem respiration (ER) and their variability across space, we continuously measured dissolved oxygen and modeled stream metabolism for an entire year at ten sites across a temperate river network in Washington State, USA. We expected GPP and ER to increase with stream size and peak during summer and autumn months due to warmer temperatures and higher light availability. We found that GPP and ER increased with drainage area and that only four sites adhered to our expectations of summer peaks in GPP and autumn peaks in ER while the rest either peaked in winter, spring or remained relatively constant. Our results suggest the spatial arrangement and temporal patterns of discharge, temperature, light and nutrients within watersheds may result in asynchronies in GPP and ER, despite similar regional climatic conditions. These findings shed light on how temporal dynamics of stream metabolism can shift across a river network, which likely influence the dynamics of carbon cycling and stream food webs at larger scales.
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CitationMejia, Francine H.; Fremier, Alexander K.; Benjamin, Joseph R.; Bellmore, J. Ryan; Grimm, Adrianne Z.; Watson, Grace A.; Newsom, Michael. 2019. Stream metabolism increases with drainage area and peaks asynchronously across a stream network. Aquatic Sciences. 81(1): 17-. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00027-018-0606-z.
KeywordsAsynchrony, GPP, ER, river networks, production, respiration, stream metabolism.
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