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    Author(s): Lauren L. Marshall; David D. Herring; Nancy Beller-Simms; Jesse M. Keenan
    Date: 2019
    Source: In: Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Hines, Sarah J.; Maddox, David, eds. Green readiness, response, and recovery: A collaborative synthesis. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-185. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 254-268.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (415.0 KB)

    Description

    The last 4 years have been the warmest years on Earth, since reliable recordkeeping began in 1880 (NASA 2018, NOAA 2018). Climate scientists project Earth will continue warming at an increasing rate through the 21st century due to the increasing abundance of human-produced heat-trapping gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane. Both long-term global climate change and short-term natural variability patterns (e.g., El NiƱo-Southern Oscillation) are causing extreme regional weather and climate events with increasing frequency and severity. An extreme event can be any phenomenon that falls within the highest or lowest 10 percent of a probability distribution of observed or anticipated events, such as high or low temperatures, rainfall amounts, water levels, and even socioeconomic phenomenon.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Marshall, Lauren L.; Herring, David D.; Beller-Simms, Nancy; Keenan, Jesse M. 2019. Helping communities build climate resilience with a toolkit of scientific and local knowledge. In: Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Hines, Sarah J.; Maddox, David, eds. Green readiness, response, and recovery: A collaborative synthesis. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-185. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 254-268. https://doi.org/10.2737/NRS-GTR-P-185-paper18.

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