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    Author(s): Stan G. SovernDamon B. Lesmeister; Katie M. Dugger; M. Shane Pruett; Raymond J. Davis; Julianna M. Jenkins
    Date: 2019
    Source: The Journal of Wildlife Management. 83(3): 714-727.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    The federally threatened northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) has been intensively studied across its range, and habitat needs for the species have influenced forest management in northwestern North America for decades. Dense forest canopies are often reported in the scientific literature and agency management plans as an important habitat attribute for spotted owls, though the means of measuring forest canopy and interpreting species requirements vary across studies and more importantly, among management plans. We used light detection and ranging (lidar) measurements of canopy cover, canopy surface heterogeneity, and upper canopy surface connectivity, and an index of the presence of a competitive invasive species, the barred owl (S. varia), in multinomial discrete choice models using a Bayesian framework to evaluate selection of forest cover types by spotted owls in Oregon, USA, 2008–2015. We designated yearly activity centers based on the most biologically significant observation during the nesting season (Mar–Aug), generally centered on the nest tree. Spotted owls selected activity centers with more canopy cover and higher heterogeneity of the canopy surface within 100m than was available within their territories. The average proportion of canopy cover within 100m of a spotted owl activity center was 0.79±0.12 (SD; range = 0.34–0.99). The presence of barred owls did not explain variability in selection of spotted owl activity centers, but barred owls might not affect third-order habitat selection within territories, or our index was too spatially coarse to detect these effects on spotted owl resource selection. We demonstrate that lidar provides researchers and managers with a tool that can accurately measure forest canopies over large areas, and assist in mapping spotted owl habitat.

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    Citation

    Sovern, Stan G.; Lesmeister, Damon B.; Dugger, Katie M.; Pruett, M. Shane; Davis, Raymond J.; Jenkins, Julianna M. 2019. Activity center selection by northern spotted owls. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 83(3): 714-727. https://doi.org/10.1002/jwmg.21632.

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    Keywords

    Canopy cover, habitat selection, light detection and ranging (lidar), Oregon, spotted owl Strix occidentalis caurina.

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