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    Author(s): Albert J. Simard; Richard W. Blank; Sharon L. Hobrla
    Date: 1989
    Source: Fire Technology
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.0 MB)


    Although advanced technologies are available for measuring and sampling fire intensity, their costs, limitations, or complexity often preclude general use in field experiments. The lack of quality measurements exacerbates the task of relating ecological responses directly to the fires that cause them. In this paper, a new technique for measuring flame height, describing its distribution, and relating it to fire intensity is presented. Flame pulsation in natural fuels is also examined.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Simard, Albert J.; Blank, Richard W.; Hobrla, Sharon L. 1989. Measuring and interpreting flame height in wildland fires. Fire Technology. 25(2): 114-133.


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    Wildland fires, measuring fire intensity, flame pulsation, new techniques for flame height measurement

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