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    Author(s): C.I. Millar
    Date: 2019
    Source: Fremontia. 47(1): 43-49
    Publication Series: Magazines or Trade Publications
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (389.0 KB)


    Limber pine in the Great Basin responds to climate change in a diversity of ways, as shown by studies of current and paleo-historic forests. Expected movements of limber pine up in elevation with warming climates are only one of several other -- and unexpected -- responses. The latter include shifts out from mid-elevation forests into sage-steppe shrublands following disruption of local inversions; shifts down in elevation into low, north-facing ravines; and shifts in slope aspect. Climate refugia locations are proposed and researchers are urged to consider non-traditional responses of mountain species to climate change.

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    Millar, Constance I. 2019. Limber pine's wild ride with climate: up, down, and all around. Fremontia. 47(1): 43-49.


    limber pine, climate-change, Great Basin, refugia, climate-adaptation

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