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    Author(s): Rachael A. Sitz; M. Vincent Aquino; A. Ned Tisserat; S. Whitney Cranshaw; Jane E. Stewart
    Date: 2019
    Source: Plant Disease. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-12-18-2248-RE.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (738.0 KB)

    Description

    The focus of investigation in this study was to consider the potential of arthropods in the dissemination of the bacterium involved in drippy blight disease, Lonsdalea quercina. Arthropod specimens were collected and tested for the presence of the bacterium with molecular markers. The bacteriumL. quercina was confirmed on 12 different insect samples fromthree orders (Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Hymenoptera) and eight families (Buprestidae, Coccinellidae, Dermestidae, Coreidae, Pentatomidae and/or Miridae, Apidae, Formicidae, and Vespidae). Approximately half of the insects found to carry the bacterium were in the order Hymenoptera. Estimates of the insects that are contaminated with the bacterium, and likely carry it between trees, is conservative because the documented insects represent only a subset of the insect orders that were observed feeding on the bacterium or present on diseased trees yet were not able to be tested. The insects contaminated with L. quercina exhibited diverse life histories, where some had a facultative relationship with the bacterium and others sought it out as a food source. These findings demonstrate that a diverse set of insects naturally occur on diseased trees and may disseminate L. quercina.

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    Citation

    Sitz, Rachael A.; Aquino, M. Vincent; Tisserat, A. Ned; Cranshaw, S. Whitney; Stewart, Jane E. 2019. Insects visiting drippy blight diseased red oak leaves are contaminated with the pathogenic bacterium Lonsdalea quercina. Plant Disease. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-12-18-2248-RE.

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    Keywords

    drippy blight disease, insect dissemination, bacterial detection

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