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    Author(s): Fei Gao; Gary Feng; Ying Ouyang; Johnie Jenkins; Changming Liu
    Date: 2019
    Source: Water
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.0 MB)


    Groundwater storage and level have declined rapidly in the Big Sunflower River Watershed
    (BSRW) of Mississippi Delta in recent years. Farmers in this region are beginning to save groundwater
    resources by increasing surface water usage for agricultural irrigation. In this study, we estimated the
    weekly amount of surface water available in ponds and streams, determined if the weekly surface
    water resources are sufficient for major crop irrigation demand, and assessed how much surface water
    can replace groundwater for agriculture irrigation in the BSRW. The SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment
    Tool) model was employed to simulate the weekly water resources for 23 sub-basins from the BSRW.
    Results showed that weekly stream water resources (SWR), stream evaporation (SE) and water loss
    from the channel via transmission through the side and bottom of the channel (stream transmission,
    referred as ST) for BSRW during the growing seasons ranged from 20.4 to 29.4 mm, 7.4 to 14.4 mm,
    1.6 to 4.5 mm and 1.1 to 1.6 mm, while pond water resources (PWR) and pond evaporation (PE)
    ranged from 1.9 to 2.1 mm and 0.3 to 0.5 mm. The value of SWR - (ST + SE) and PWR - PE were
    positive in all sub-basins, indicating that there are net surface water resources available in this region.
    The percentages of total groundwater usage for irrigation that could be replaced by surface water in
    each sub-basin every week of each month from May to September ranged from 10% to 87%. Our
    studies suggested that the conjunctive use of surface and groundwater for agriculture irrigation is a
    feasible method for groundwater sustainable management in the Mississippi Delta.

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    Gao, Fei; Feng, Gary; Ouyang, Ying; Jenkins, Johnie; Liu, Changming. 2019. Simulating potential weekly stream and pond water available for irrigation in the Big Sunflower River Watershed of Mississippi Delta. Water. 11(6): 1271-.


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    Surface water resources, irrigation, stream, pond, SWAT model

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