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    Author(s): Zhaojiang Wang; Shi Qiu; Kolby Hirth; Jinlan Cheng; Jialong Wen; Ning Li; Yunming Fang; Xuejun Pan; J.Y. Zhu
    Date: 2019
    Source: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 7(12): 10808-10820.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (5.0 MB)

    Description

    Poplar wood was rapidly fractionated via a flow-through reaction using aqueous solutions of an acid hydrotrope (AH), p-toluenesulfonic acid (p-TsOH), at temperatures below 98 °C. 13C−1H two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic analyses demon-strated that the AH-solubilized lignins (AHLs) from a range of fractionation conditions with yields up to approximately 80% had a very high content of β-aryl-ether linkages compared to milled wood lignin (MWL) with a low enough condensation to facilitate subsequent reductive catalytic depolymerization resulting in a lignin monomer yield of over 30%. Gel-permeation chromatographic (GPC) and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) analyses showed that the AHLs have high molecular weights and low glass transition temperatures Tg. These AHLs also have a pinkish color suitable for applications such as cosmetics and dye dispersants. AH fractionation (AHF) preserved the cellulose fraction as solid fibers also with a light pinkish color for the materials market and solubilized up to approximately 90% of xylan which can be converted to furfural using p-TsOH in the spent liquor without additional catalysts. The advantages herein are the use of one recyclable industrial chemical such as p-TsOH in an aqueous system below water boiling temperature to valorize all three major fractions of lignocelluloses in a short time frame, with very promising yields and well-preserved lignin and cellulose structure.

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    Citation

    Wang, Zhaojiang; Qiu, Shi; Hirth, Kolby; Cheng, Jinlan; Wen, Jialong; Li, Ning; Fang, Yunming; Pan, Xuejun; Zhu, J.Y. 2019. Preserving both lignin and cellulose chemical structures: flow-through acid hydrotropic fractionation at atmospheric pressure for complete wood valorization. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 7(12): 10808-10820.

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    Keywords

    Lignin valorization, reduced lignin condensation, acid hydrotrope fractionation (AHF), catalysis/depolymerization, 2D NMR

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/58502