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    Author(s): Ram Pandit; John Parrotta; Yakov Anker; Emilie Coudel; Crstobal F. Diaz Morejón; Jim Harris; Douglas L. Karlen; Á Kertész; Juana L. Mariño De Posada; Phumza Ntshotsho Simelane; Noriani M. Tamin; Daniel L.M. Vieira
    Date: 2018
    Source: The IPBES assessment report on land degradation and restoration
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Washington Office
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.0 MB)


    This chapter of the IPBES Land Degradation and Restoration Assessment evaluates the effectiveness of current response strategies both for avoiding or mitigating land degradation and for restoring previously degraded lands. More specifically: it develops a framework to assess the effectiveness of existing interventions designed to avoid and reduce land degradation processes and to rehabilitate or restore various types of degraded lands (e.g., croplands, rangelands, forest lands, urban lands and wetlands) through the recovery of biodiversity, ecosystem structure and services; assesses how responses to land degradation and restoration vary according to site-specific characteristics, including the type and severity of degradation, underlying direct and indirect drivers, and effects on ecosystem services and quality of life; evaluates the effectiveness of various response options to direct drivers (e.g., better land management techniques, access to training) and indirect drivers (e.g., institutions, governance systems) of land degradation; examines the relative success of different institutional, governance and management response options to avoid, reduce and reverse land degradation across a range of economic, social, environmental, cultural, technical and political scenarios; and assesses different institutional, policy and governance responses to research and technology development.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Pandit, Ram;  Parrotta, John; Anker, Yakov; Coudel, Emilie; Diaz Morejón, Crstobal F.; Harris, Jim; Karlen, Douglas L.; Kertész, Á.; Mariño De Posada, Juana L.; Ntshotsho Simelane, Phumza; Tamin, Noriani M.; Vieira, Daniel L.M. . 2018. Responses to halt land degradation and to restore degraded land. Pages 435-528 In: The IPBES assessment report on land degradation and restoration. Montanarella, L., Scholes, R., and Brainich, A. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany. 744 pages.


    restoration, mitigation hierarchy, forest, rangeland, agriculture, wetlands, urbanization, sustainable management, land-use planning

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