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    Author(s): Glenn Gladders; Alan Iskra; Jill Rose; Biff Thompson
    Date: 2015
    Source: In: Potter, Kevin M.; Conkling, Barbara L., eds. 2015. Forest health monitoring: national status, trends, and analysis 2013. General Technical Report SRS-207. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (64.0 KB)


    Beech bark disease (BBD) remains the most serious threat to American beech (Fagus grandifolia) in its native range. Pathologists have historically described BBD as a predictable interaction between the Cryptococcus fagisuga scale insect and a Neonectria canker-forming fungus. It is well known that beech trees infested by C. fagisuga become predisposed to Neonectriacolonization (Houston and O’Brien 1983).

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    Gladders, Glenn; Iskra, Alan; Rose, Jill; Thompson, Biff; Yoo, Rosa. 2013. Chapter 10: Multi-State Beech Bark Disease Survey and Beech Scale Resistance (Project NE-EM-B-11-01). General Technical Report SRS 207. USDA-Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 3 p.

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