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    Author(s): Francis S. Nakayama; Poo. Chow; Dilpreet S. Bajwa; John A. Youngquist; James H. Muehl; Andrzej M. Krzysik
    Date: 2000
    Source: [The International Research Group on Wood Preservation. Section 5, Environmental Aspects : 31st annual meeting, Kona, Hawaii, USA, 14-19 May 2000. Stockholm, Sweden : IRG Secretariat, 2000].:9 p.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (104 KB)

    Description

    Conventional preservatives used to protect wood from insect and microbial damages are presently of major concern to human health and the environment. Finding alternative and economical preservatives has not been successful. Previous studies have shown that the resinous material extracted from the guayule plant (Parthenium argentatum, Gray) has both insect- and microbial- resistant properties. Unfortunately, it has not been accepted commercially because of the lack of an adequate supply of the raw material. However, the potential domestication of the guayule plant to produce hypoallergenic rubber latex will result in the production of large amounts of waste wood material. This should provide opportunity to use this natural source of the biologically resistant resinous chemicals. The objective of this preliminary study was to determine the effects of the rubber latex-removed wood residues or bagasse and the resinous extracts on termite- and decay-resistant properties. Two types of test materials were used in the study. One was wood impregnated with organic- solvent extracted resinous material from the plant. The other was composite wood fabricated using the residue or whole plant and plastic binder, which was used to improve the physical properties of the composite. Accelerated laboratory tests were conducted to determine the resistance of the wood products against the Eastern subterranean termite and wood fungi (brown-rot). The wood and stem of the guayule plant, wood treated with the resinous extract, and particle and composite wood made from ground guayule exhibited termite and wood fungal resistance.

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    Citation

    Nakayama, Francis S.; Chow, Poo.; Bajwa, Dilpreet S.; Youngquist, John A.; Muehl, James H.; Krzysik, Andrzej M. 2000. Preliminary investigation on the natural durability of guayule (Parthenium argentatum) based wood products. [The International Research Group on Wood Preservation. Section 5, Environmental Aspects : 31st annual meeting, Kona, Hawaii, USA, 14-19 May 2000. Stockholm, Sweden : IRG Secretariat, 2000].:9 p.

    Keywords

    Parthenium argentatum, Wood products, Wood preservatives, Durability, Resins, Wood destroying fungi, Decay fungi, Isoptera, Extractives, Wood residues, Bagasse, Composite boards, Gleophyllum trabeum, Poria placenta

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