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    Market forces allocate many forest resources and services, but promoting and protecting accepted standards of forest sustainability, such as environmental protection, tenure rights, and aesthetic values typically requires laws, regulations, and guidelines. Fiscal incentives, technical assistance, and similar persuasive means may promote compliance. Improper and inadequate levels of oversight and enforcement, however, may substantially diminish the effectiveness of some laws, regulations, and guidelines. When noncompliance is detected, it may be necessary to prosecute and penalize offenders to deter harmful activities that threaten forests and their sustainable management (e.g., illegal logging, endangered species damage or destruction).

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    McGinley, Kathleen A; Cubbage, Frederick W. 2018. U.S. Forest Sustainability Indicator 7.49. Enforcement of laws related to forests. 4 pp.

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