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    Author(s): Alex C. Wiedenhoeft; John Simeone; Amy Smith; Meaghan Parker-Forney; Richard Soares; Akiva Fishman
    Date: 2019
    Source: PLOS ONE. 14(7). 13 p.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: View PDF  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    Fraud and misrepresentation in forest products supply chains is often associated with illegal logging, but the extent of fraud in the U.S. forest products market, and the availability of forensic expertise to detect it, is unknown. We used forensic wood anatomy to test 183 specimens from 73 consumer products acquired from major U.S. retailers, surveyed U.S. experts regarding their forensic wood anatomy capacity, and conducted a proficiency-testing program of those experts. 62% of tested products (45 of 73) had one or more type of fraudulent or misrepresented claim. Survey respondents reported a total capacity of 830 wood specimens per year, and participants’ identification accuracy ranged from 6% to 92%. Given the extent of fraud and misrepresentation, U.S. wood forensic wood anatomy capacity does not scale with the need for such expertise. We call for increased training in forensic wood anatomy and its broader application in forest products supply chains to eliminate fraud and combat illegal logging.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Wiedenhoeft, Alex C.; Simeone, John; Smith, Amy; Parker-Forney, Meaghan; Soares, Richard; Fishman, Akiva. 2019. Fraud and misrepresentation in retail forest products exceeds U.S. forensic wood science capacity. PLOS ONE. 14(7). 13 p.

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    Keywords

    Fraud, misrepresentation, forensic wood anatomy, forest products

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/58884