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    Author(s): Alejandro A. RoyoSusan L. Stout
    Date: 2019
    Source: In: Stout, Susan L., ed. SILVAH: 50 years of science-management cooperation. Proceedings of the Allegheny Society of American Foresters training session; 2017 Sept. 20-22; Clarion, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-186. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 26-36.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (310.0 KB)

    Description

    During the early decades of the 20th century the confluence of two major alterations to forest and wildlife population dynamics occurred in the northern tier of Pennsylvania; namely, the near-complete harvesting and resultant regrowth of all forests in the region coupled with the extirpation and subsequent reintroduction of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) (Redding 1995). In the ensuing years, abundant early-successional habitat, the absence of apex predators such as wolves and mountain lions, and lax game management policies resulted in a population explosion of deer to levels that far exceeded precolonial estimates (<11 deer per square mile) (McCabe and McCabe 1997) and that were generally above levels compatible with healthy forest regeneration (≤20 deer per square mile) (Horsley et al. 2003; Fig. 1).

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Royo, Alejandro A.; Stout, Susan L. 2019. Recognition, response, and recovery: Deer impact research in Allegheny hardwood forests. In: Stout, Susan L., ed. SILVAH: 50 years of science-management cooperation. Proceedings of the Allegheny Society of American Foresters training session; 2017 Sept. 20-22; Clarion, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-186. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 26-36. https://doi.org/10.2737/NRS-GTR-P-186-Paper3.

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