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Recognition, response, and recovery: Deer impact research in Allegheny hardwood forests

Year:

2019

Publication type:

Paper (invited, offered, keynote)

Primary Station(s):

Northern Research Station

Source:

In: Stout, Susan L., ed. SILVAH: 50 years of science-management cooperation. Proceedings of the Allegheny Society of American Foresters training session; 2017 Sept. 20-22; Clarion, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-186. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 26-36.

Description

During the early decades of the 20th century the confluence of two major alterations to forest and wildlife population dynamics occurred in the northern tier of Pennsylvania; namely, the near-complete harvesting and resultant regrowth of all forests in the region coupled with the extirpation and subsequent reintroduction of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) (Redding 1995). In the ensuing years, abundant early-successional habitat, the absence of apex predators such as wolves and mountain lions, and lax game management policies resulted in a population explosion of deer to levels that far exceeded precolonial estimates (<11 deer per square mile) (McCabe and McCabe 1997) and that were generally above levels compatible with healthy forest regeneration (≤20 deer per square mile) (Horsley et al. 2003; Fig. 1).

Citation

Royo, Alejandro A.; Stout, Susan L. 2019. Recognition, response, and recovery: Deer impact research in Allegheny hardwood forests. In: Stout, Susan L., ed. SILVAH: 50 years of science-management cooperation. Proceedings of the Allegheny Society of American Foresters training session; 2017 Sept. 20-22; Clarion, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-186. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 26-36. https://doi.org/10.2737/NRS-GTR-P-186-Paper3.

Cited

Publication Notes

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/59005