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    Author(s): Gary M. Scott; Eric Horn; Masood Akhtar; Ross E. Swaney; Michael J. Lentz; David F. Shipley
    Date: 1998
    Source: 1998 Pulping Conference : October 25-29, 1998, Queen Elizabeth Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Atlanta, GA : TAPPI Press, c1998.:p. 1313-1321 : ill.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (137 KB)

    Description

    Biopulping is the treatment of wood chips and other lignocellulosic materials with lignin-degrading fungi prior to pulping. Ten years of industry-sponsored research has demonstrated the technical feasibility of the technology for mechanical pulping at a laboratory scale. Two 50-ton outdoor chip pile trials recently conducted at the USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) in Madison, Wisconsin have established the engineering and economical feasibility of the technology. After refining the control and the fungus-treated chips through a thermomechanical pulp (TMP) mill, the resulting pulps were made into papers on the pilot-scale paper machine at FPL. In addition to the 30% savings in electrical energy consumption during refining, improvements in the strength of the resulting paper were seen due to fungal pretreatment. Because of the stronger paper, we were able to substitute at least 5% kraft pulp in a blend of mechanical and kraft pulps. This recent work has clearly demonstrated that economic benefits can be achieved with biopulping technology through both the energy savings and substitution of the stronger biopulped TMP for more expensive kraft, while maintaining the paper quality.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Scott, Gary M.; Horn, Eric.; Akhtar, Masood.; Swaney, Ross E.; Lentz, Michael J.; Shipley, David F. 1998. Incorporating biopulping technology into wood yard operations. 1998 Pulping Conference : October 25-29, 1998, Queen Elizabeth Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Atlanta, GA : TAPPI Press, c1998.:p. 1313-1321 : ill.

    Keywords

    Wood chips, Lignocellulose, Biopulping, Wood destroying fungi, Energy consumption, Strength, Feasibility studies, Timberyards

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/5904