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    Author(s): Richard F. Miller; Jeanne C. Chambers; Louisa Evers; C. Jason Williams; Keirith A. Snyder; Bruce A. Roundy; Fred B. Pierson
    Date: 2019
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-403. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 284 p.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (20.0 MB)

    Description

    This synthesis reviews current knowledge of pinyon and juniper ecosystems, in both persistent and newly expanded woodlands, for managers, researchers, and the interested public. We draw from a large volume of research papers to centralize information on these semiarid woodlands. The first section includes a general description of both the Great Basin and northern Colorado Plateau. The ecology section covers woodland and species life histories, biology, and ecology and includes a detailed discussion of climate and the potential consequences of climate change specific to the Great Basin and Colorado Plateau. The history section discusses 20,000 years of woodland dynamics and geographic differences among woodland disturbance regimes and resilience. The ecohydrology section discusses hydrologic processes in woodlands that influence soil conservation and loss; water capture, storage, and release; and the effect that woodland structure and composition have on these processes. The final section, restoration and management, covers the history of woodland management, the different methods used, the advantages and disadvantages of different vegetation treatments, and posttreatment vegetation responses. We also discuss successes and failures and key components that determine project outcomes important for consideration when restoring ecosystem function, integrity, and resilience.

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    Publication Notes

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    Citation

    Miller, Richard F.; Chambers, Jeanne C.; Evers, Louisa; Williams, C. Jason; Snyder, Keirith A.; Roundy, Bruce A.; Pierson, Fred B. 2019. The ecology, history, ecohydrology, and management of pinyon and juniper woodlands in the Great Basin and Northern Colorado Plateau of the western United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-403. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 284 p.

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    Keywords

    pinyon, juniper, synthesis, hydrology, topography, soils, life history, taxonomy, seedling ecology, insects, disease, woodland overstory, woodland understory, plant succession, species diversity, competition, soil nutrients, climate change, persistence, migration, woodland infill, patterns, disturbance effects, treatment effects, chaining, windrowing, dozing, shredding, cutting, pesticide use, chemical treatment, fire regimes, evapotranspiration, hydrophobic soils, prescribed fire, restoration

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/59333