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    Author(s): Shahlinney Lipeh; Laurence R. Schimleck; Mark E. Mankowski; Armando G. McDonald; Jeffrey J. Morrell
    Date: 2020
    Source: Holzforschung. 74(3): 246-259.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.0 MB)


    Wood extractives are considered the major factor determining the natural durability of wood. Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy was assessed for rapid determination of western juniper (Juniperus occidentalis Hook. var. occidentalis) durability based on extractives in heartwood, sapwood-heartwood and sapwood regions. Durability was assessed by exposing samples to brown-rot decay fungi [Gloeophyllum trabeum (Pers.) Murrill and Rhodonia placenta (Fr.) Niemelä, K.H. Larss. & Schigel] or eastern subterranean termite (Reticulitermes flavipes Kollar). Durability classifications were compared to their extractive contents, along with ATR-FTIR spectra of extracted and unextracted blocks to establish relationships using hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA). Western juniper durability varied with test organisms, but the majority of samples had high fungal and termite resistance. Moderate to weak connections were observed between durability and extractive content, but HCA and PCA analysis were unable to classify durability with accuracy. The absence of nonresistant samples may have influenced the ability of the chemometric methods to accurately categorize durability.

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    Lipeh, Shahlinney; Schimleck, Laurence R.; Mankowski, Mark E.; McDonald, Armando G.; Morrell, Jeffrey J. 2020. Relationship between attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of western juniper and natural resistance to fungal and termite attack. Holzforschung. 74(3): 246-259.


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    ATR-FTIR, decay fungi, extractives, Juniperus occidentalis, natural durability, termite, western juniper

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