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Corrosiveness of Thermally Modified WoodAuthor(s): Samuel Zelinka; Leandro Passarini; Frederick Matt; Grant Kirker
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Forest Products Laboratory
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DescriptionThermally modifed wood is becoming commercially available in North America for use in outdoor applications. While there have been many studies on how thermal modifcation affects the dimensional stability, water vapor sorption, and biodeterioration of wood, little is known about whether thermally modifed wood is corrosive to metal fasteners and hangers used to hold these members in place. As thermally modifed wood is used in outdoor applications, it has the potential to become wet which may lead to corrosion of embedded fasteners. Here, we examine the corrosiveness of thermally modifed ash and oak in an exposure test where stainless steel, hot-dip galvanized steel, and carbon steel nails are driven into wood and exposed to a nearly 100% relative humidity environment at 27°C for one year. The corrosion rates were compared against control specimens of untreated and preservative-treated southern pine. Stainless steel fasteners did not corrode in any specimens regardless of the treatment. The thermal modifcation increased the corrosiveness of the ash and oak, however, an oil treatment that is commonly applied by the manufacturer to the wood after the heat treatment reduced the corrosiveness. The carbon steel fasteners exhibited higher corrosion rates in the thermally modifed hardwoods than in the preservative-treated pine control. Corrosion rates of galvanized fasteners in the hardwoods were much lower than carbon steel fasteners. These data can be used to design for corrosion when building with thermally modifed wood, and highlight differences between corrosion of metals embedded in wood products.
CitationZelinka, Samuel; Passarini, Leandro; Matt, Frederick; Kirker, Grant. 2019. Corrosiveness of thermally modified wood. Forests. 11(1): 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11010050.
Keywordsmodifed wood, corrosion, stainless steel, hot-dip galvanized steel, heat treatments
- Exposure testing of fasteners in preservative treated wood : gravimetric corrosion rates and corrosion product analyses
- Corrosion of metal fasteners embedded in acetylated and untreated wood at different moisture contents
- Comparison of the corrosion of fasteners embedded in wood measured in outdoor exposure with the predictions from a combined hygrothermal-corrosion model
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