Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub

    Description

    In September 1989, the Ciphers bridge was constructed within the Beltrami Island State Forest in Roseau County, Minnesota. The bridge superstructure is a two-span continuous stress-laminated deck that is approximately 12.19 m long, 5.49 m wide, and 305 mm deep (40 ft long, 18 ft wide, and 12 in. deep). The bridge is one of the first to utilize red pine sawn lumber for a stress-laminated deck application. The performance of the bridge was monitored continuously for 24 months beginning July 1993, approximately 46 months after installation. Performance monitoring involved evaluating data relative to the moisture content of the wood deck, the force level of stressing bars, and the behavior of the bridge under static load conditions. In addition, temperatures were collected from the bridge superstructure and ambient air. Based on field evaluations, the Ciphers bridge is performing satisfactorily with no structural or serviceability deficiencies.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Wacker, James P.; Kainz, James A.; Ritter, Michael A. Field performance of timber bridges. 17, Ciphers stress-laminated deck bridge. (Research paper FPL ; RP-572):16 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.

    Keywords

    Bridges, Structural timbers, Laminated wood, Stress lamination, Bridge decks

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/5970