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Stand and tree characteristics and stockability in Pinus taeda plantations in Hawaii and South CarolinaAuthor(s): William R. Harms; Dean S. DeBell; Craig D. Whitesell
Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Southern Research Station
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DescriptionStand structure and crown architecture of loblolly pine (Pinustaeda L.) spacing trials in Hawaii and South Carolina were examined for attributes that would explain markedly different stockabilities (stand density per mean stand DBH), respectively, 1740 and 850 trees/ha at a quadratic mean stand DBH of 25 cm. In plots spaced at 2.4 × 2.4 m, these stockabilities produced 604 m3/ha at age 25 in Hawaii, and 297 m3/ha in South Carolina. Data collected in these stands indicate that stockability differences were associated with differences in tree size-class structure, crown length, and leaf area. Both stands were characterized by a two-tiered height structure, but the crown bases of trees in the subdominant class in Hawaii extended 1–2 m below the bases of the crowns of the dominant height class. In the South Carolina stands the crown bases of both height classes were at the same level. Green crown lengths in Hawaii were 4–7 m longer than in South Carolina, and the associated crown leaf area of 63.9 m2 was five times greater. The differences in stockability was attributed to the Hawaiian site and climate, which provide a long growing season, high solar radiation, high sun angle, favorable temperatures, and a favorable soil moisture regime and foliage nutrient status, and to a lack of significant insect and disease pests. The influence of genotype on stockability was not testable with these data.
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CitationHarms, William R.; DeBell, Dean S.; Whitesell, Craig D. 1994. Stand and tree characteristics and stockability in Pinus taeda plantations in Hawaii and South Carolina . Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 24(3): 511-521. https://doi.org/10.1139/x94-068.
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