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    Background Urban tree death is a major consideration for anyone managing urban forests. Whether conserving canopy cover, planting new groups of trees, or protecting large, mature trees, urban forestry professionals often gauge the success of their projects by evaluating how many trees live or die. Tree death is also relevant in planning and budgeting for tree removal needs. There is a growing body of research on urban tree mortality—studies concerning tree deaths and removals in a given place and time. However, less is understood about tree mortality in built-up urban areas compared to tree mortality in natural forests (i.e., rural, wildland settings). A thorough, evidence-based understanding of what factors contribute to tree death and what rates of mortality can be expected for different species and situations can aid urban forest managers in increasing transplant survival, using resources efficiently, and assessing their projects' effectiveness.

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    Hilbert, Deborah R.; Roman, Lara A.​; Koeser, Andrew K.; Vogt, Jess; van Doorn, Natalie S. 2019. Urban tree mortality: What the literature shows us. Arborist News.​​​​ Oct: 22-26.

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