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    Author(s): Ronald C. SaboNicole M. StarkPatricia Lebow; Omid Nabinejad; Sonal S. Karkhanis; Laurent M. Matuana
    Date: 2020
    Source: In: Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference (ANTEC 2020).
    Publication Series: Full Proceedings
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (707.0 KB)

    Description

    Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) suspensions were compounded into blends of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) using a novel wet compounding approach in which drying and compounding were carried out simultaneously. The resulting CNC/PLA composites were compared with those produced using a more traditional method of freeze-drying CNC suspensions followed by melt-blending into PLA. CNCs in wet compounded composites appeared to be well-dispersed in the PLA/PVAc blends, and films extruded from these compounds exhibited high transparency compared with melt-blended composites. Gel permeation chromatography indicated that molecular weight degradation due to wet compounding was comparable to that from melt blending. The formulation, including surfactant modified CNCs and PVAc processing aids, played a significant role in the dispersion and properties of the nanocomposites. The elimination of a stand-alone drying step for cellulose nanomaterials can potentially overcome some of the challenges associated with producing thermoplastic cellulose nanocomposites and help advance commercialization of these materials.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Sabo, Ronald C.; Stark, Nicole M.; Lebow, Patricia; Nabinejad, Omid; Karkhanis, Sonal S.; Matuana, Laurent M. 2020. Novel method of compounding cellulose nanocrystal suspensions into poly(lactic acid) and poly(vinyl acetate) blends. In: Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference (ANTEC 2020).

    Keywords

    Cellulose nanocrystals, poly(lactic acid), nanocomposites, wet compounding

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/59827