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Risk management and analytics in wildfire responseAuthor(s): Matthew P. Thompson; Yu Wei; David E. Calkin; Christopher D. O'Connor; Christopher Dunn; Nathaniel M. Anderson; John S. Hogland
Source: Current Forestry Reports. 5: 226-239.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
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DescriptionPurpose of Review: The objectives of this paper are to briefly review basic risk-management and analytics concepts, describe their nexus in relation to wildfire response, demonstrate real-world application of analytics to support response decisions and organizational learning, and outline an analytics strategy for the future. -- Recent Findings: Analytics can improve decision-making and organizational performance across a variety of areas from sports to business to real-time emergency response. A lack of robust descriptive analytics on wildfire incident response effectiveness is a bottleneck for developing operationally relevant and empirically credible predictive and prescriptive analytics to inform and guide strategic response decisions. Capitalizing on technology such as automated resource tracking and machine learning algorithms can help bridge gaps between monitoring, learning, and data-driven decision-making. -- Summary: By investing in better collection, documentation, archiving, and analysis of operational data on response effectiveness, fire management organizations can promote systematic learning and provide a better evidence base to support response decisions. We describe an analytics management framework that can provide structure to help deploy analytics within organizations, and provide real-world examples of advanced fire analytics applied in the USA. To fully capitalize on the potential of analytics, organizations may need to catalyze cultural shifts that cultivate stronger appreciation for data-driven decision processes, and develop informed skeptics that effectively balance both judgment and analysis in decision-making.
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CitationThompson, Matthew P.; Wei, Yu; Calkin, David E.; O'Connor, Christopher D.; Dunn, Christopher J.; Anderson, Nathaniel M.; Hogland, John S. 2019. Risk management and analytics in wildfire response. Current Forestry Reports. 5: 226-239.
Keywordsdecision-making, data science, operations research, suppression effectiveness
- Progress towards and barriers to implementation of a risk framework for US federal wildland fire policy and decision making
- Barriers to implementation of risk management for federal wildland fire management agencies in the United States
- A real-time risk assessment tool supporting wildland fire decisionmaking
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