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    Author(s): Charles R. FrihartLinda Lorenz
    Date: 2020
    Source: Journal of Visualized Experiments. (159). 6 p.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (839.0 KB)


    The properties of cured wood adhesives are difficult to study because of the loss of water and other components to the wood, the influence of wood on the adhesive cure, and the effect of adhesive penetration on the wood interphase; thus, normal testing of a neat adhesive film is generally not useful. Most tests of wood adhesive bond strength are slow, laborious, can be strongly influenced by the wood and do not provide information on the kinetics of cure. Test method ASTM D 7998-19, however, can be used for fast evaluation of the strength of wood bonds. The use of a smooth, uniform, and strong wood surface, like maple face-veneer, and sufficient bonding pressure reduces the adhesion and wood strength effects on bond strength. This method has three main applications. The first is to provide consistent data on bond strength development. The second is to measure the dry and wet strengths of bonded lap shear samples. The third is to better understand the adhesive heat resistance by quickly evaluating thermal sensitivity and distinguishing between thermal softening and thermal degradation.

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    Frihart, Charles R.; Lorenz, Linda. 2020. Standard test method ASTM D 7998-19 for the cohesive strength development of wood adhesives. Journal of Visualized Experiments. (159). 6 p.


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    Wood adhesive, adhesive cohesive strength, cure rate, water resistance, heat resistance, ABES adhesive testing

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