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Seasonal use of small tributary and main-stem habitats by juvenile steelhead, coho salmon, and Dolly Varden in a southeastern Alaska drainage basin.Author(s): R.G. Bramblett; M.D. Bryant; B.E. Wright; R.G. White
Source: Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 131: 498-506
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
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DescriptionThe movement of juvenile salmonids between small tributaries and main-stem habitats in southeast Alaska watersheds is poorly understood. We observed movements of steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss, coho salmon O. kisutch, and Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma between mainstem and tributary habitats at weirs located on tributaries in the Staney Creek watershed in southeast Alaska. We used seasonal relative abundance (catch per unit effort) in eight main-stem reaches and eight tributaries to corroborate observed movement in the two streams with weirs. We observed juvenile steelhead and coho salmon moving through the weirs into tributaries during the fall as flows increased and temperatures decreased. The relative abundance of steelhead was greater in main-stem sites than in tributaries during the summer, whereas during spring and fall relative abundance in the tributaries was similar to that in the main stem. Juvenile coho salmon were abundant in tributaries during all seasons. The relative abundance of Dolly Varden was greater in the tributaries than in the main-stem during all seasons. These results underscore the significance of links between main-stem habitats and small tributaries for production of juvenile salmonids.
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CitationBramblett, R.G.; Bryant, M.D.; Wright, B.E.; White, R.G. 2002. Seasonal use of small tributary and main-stem habitats by juvenile steelhead, coho salmon, and Dolly Varden in a southeastern Alaska drainage basin. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 131: 498-506
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