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    Author(s): Theresa B. JainRussell T. GrahamJohn C. ByrneBenjamin C. Bright
    Date: 2020
    Source: Forests. 1: 622.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (945.0 KB)


    Forest management is trending toward creating multi-aged forest structures and diverse vegetative compositions. The challenge is successfully designing and implementing treatments that create these diverse forests. Regeneration establishment is the most important step when applying a silvicultural system because it determines future treatments and optimizes management options. This study provided the minimum canopy openings that favor the establishment of shade-tolerant and shade-intolerant tree species to inform the implementation of uneven-aged management.

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    Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Byrne, John C.; Bright, Benjamin C. 2020. Canopy opening and site preparation effects on conifer and understory establishment and growth after an uneven-aged free selection regeneration harvest in the northern Rocky Mountains, USA. Forests. 1: 622.


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    mixed moist conifer, shade-intolerant tree species, western white pine, restoration, variable density thinning, multi-aged forests

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