Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

The Fire and Tree Mortality Database, for empirical modeling of individual tree mortality after fire


C. Alina Cansler
J. Morgan Varner
Phillip J. van Mantgem
Michelle C. Agne
Robert A. Andrus
Matthew P. Ayres
Bruce D. Ayres
Jonathan D. Bakker
Carolyn R. Breece
Daniel R. Cluck
R. Gregory Corace
W. Wallace Covington
Douglas S. Cram
Joseph E. Crouse
Adrian J. Das
Ryan S. Davis
Darci M. Dickinson
Stephen A. Fitzgerald
Peter Z. Fulé
Lisa M. Ganio
Lindsay M. Grayson
Charles B. Halpern
Jim L. Hanula
Brian J. Harvey
J. Kevin Hiers
David W. Huffman
MaryBeth Keifer
Leda N. Kobziar
Thomas E. Kolb
Crystal A. Kolden
Karen E. Kopper
Jason R. Kreitler
Jesse K. Kreye
Andrew M. Latimer
Maria J. Lombardero
Joel D. McMillin
Jason J. Moghaddas
Joseph J. O’Brien
Daniel D. B. Perrakis
Susan J. Prichard
Kenneth F. Raffa
John P. Roccaforte
Brendan M. Rogers
Hugh D. Safford
Alyson E. Santoro
Timothy M. Shearman
Alice M. Shumate
Sheri L. Smith
Rebecca J. Smith
Nathan L. Stephenson
Mary Stuever
Michael T. Stoddard
Walter G. Thies
Shelby A. Weiss
Douglas J. Westlind
Travis J. Woolley
Micah C. Wright



Publication type:

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Primary Station(s):

Rocky Mountain Research Station


2020. The Fire and Tree Mortality Database, for empirical modeling of individual tree mortality after fire. Scientific Data. 7: 194.


Wildland fires have a multitude of ecological effects in forests, woodlands, and savannas across the globe. A major focus of past research has been on tree mortality from fire, as trees provide a vast range of biological services. We assembled a database of individual-tree records from prescribed fires and wildfires in the United States. The Fire and Tree Mortality (FTM) database includes records from 164,293 individual trees with records of fire injury (crown scorch, bole char, etc.), tree diameter, and either mortality or top-kill up to ten years post-fire. Data span 142 species and 62 genera, from 409 fires occurring from 1981-2016. Additional variables such as insect attack are included when available. The FTM database can be used to evaluate individual fire-caused mortality models for pre-fire planning and post-fire decision support, to develop improved models, and to explore general patterns of individual fire-induced tree death. The database can also be used to identify knowledge gaps that could be addressed in future research.


Cansler, C. Alina; Hood, Sharon M.; Varner, J. Morgan; van Mantgem, Phillip J.; Agne, Michelle C.; Andrus, Robert A.; Ayres, Matthew P.; Ayres, Bruce D.; Bakker, Jonathan D.; Battaglia, Michael A.; Bentz, Barbara J.; Breece, Carolyn R.; Brown, James K.; Cluck, Daniel R.; Coleman, Tom W.; Corace, R. Gregory; Covington, W. Wallace; Cram, Douglas S.; Cronan, James B.; Crouse, Joseph E.; Das, Adrian J.; Davis, Ryan S.; Dickinson, Darci M.; Fitzgerald, Stephen A.; Fulé, Peter Z.; Ganio, Lisa M.; Grayson, Lindsay M.; Halpern, Charles B.; Hanula, Jim L.; Harvey, Brian J.; Kevin Hiers, J.; Huffman, David W.; Keifer, MaryBeth; Keyser, Tara L.; Kobziar, Leda N.; Kolb, Thomas E.; Kolden, Crystal A.; Kopper, Karen E.; Kreitler, Jason R.; Kreye, Jesse K.; Latimer, Andrew M.; Lerch, Andrew P.; Lombardero, Maria J.; McDaniel, Virginia L.; McHugh, Charles W.; McMillin, Joel D.; Moghaddas, Jason J.; O’Brien, Joseph J.; Perrakis, Daniel D. B.; Peterson, David W.; Prichard, Susan J.; Progar, Robert A.; Raffa, Kenneth F.; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D.; Restaino, Joseph C.; Roccaforte, John P.; Rogers, Brendan M.; Ryan, Kevin C.; Safford, Hugh D.; Santoro, Alyson E.; Shearman, Timothy M.; Shumate, Alice M.; Sieg, Carolyn H.; Smith, Sheri L.; Smith, Rebecca J.; Stephenson, Nathan L.; Stuever, Mary; Stevens, Jens T.; Stoddard, Michael T.; Thies, Walter G.; Vaillant, Nicole M.; Weiss, Shelby A.; Westlind, Douglas J.; Woolley, Travis J.; Wright, Micah C. 2020. The Fire and Tree Mortality Database, for empirical modeling of individual tree mortality after fire. Scientific Data. 7: 194.


Publication Notes

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.