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Bats of the Savannah River Site and vicinityAuthor(s): Michael A. Menzel; Jennifer M. Menzel; John C. Kilgo; W. Mark Ford; Timothy C. Carter; John W. Edwards
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-68. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 69 p.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Southern Research Station
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DescriptionThe U.S. Department of Energy’s Savannah River Site supports a diverse bat community. Nine species occur there regularly, including the eastern pipistrelle (Pipistrellus subflavus), southeastern myotis (Myotis austroriparius), evening bat (Nycticeius humeralis), Rafinesque’s big-eared bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii), silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans), eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis), Seminole bat (L. seminolus), hoary bat (L. cinereus), and big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus). There are extralimital capture records for two additional species: little brown bat (M. lucifigus) and northern yellow bat (Lasiurus intermedius). Acoustical sampling has documented the presence of Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis), but none has been captured. Among those species common to the Site, the southeastern myotis and Rafinesque's big-eared bat are listed in South Carolina as threatened and endangered, respectively. The presence of those two species, and a growing concern for the conservation of forest-dwelling bats, led to extensive and focused research on the Savannah River Site between 1996 and 2002. Summarizing this and other bat research, we provide species accounts that discuss morphology and distribution, roosting and foraging behaviors, home range characteristics, habitat relations, and reproductive biology. We also present information on conservation needs and rabies issues; and, finally, identification keys that may be useful wherever the bat species we describe are found.
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CitationMenzel, Michael A.; Menzel, Jennifer M.; Kilgo, John C.; Ford, W. Mark; Carter, Timothy C.; Edwards, John W. 2003. Bats of the Savannah River Site and vicinity. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-68. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 69 p.
Keywordsbats, foraging, habitat use, rabies, roosting, Savannah River Site
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