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    Author(s): Mark E. Mankowski; Matthew Konkler; Craig BellGrant Kirker; Jeffery Morrell; James Renfroe
    Date: 2020
    Source: CROSSTIES. May/June 2020. 2 p.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.0 MB)


    Summary of presentation given at the RTA annual meeting in 2019. The presentation discussed the use of born rods as a form of passive dual treatment for borate/creosote treated ties/timbers.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Mankowski, Mark. E.; Konkler, Matthew; Bell, Craig; Kirker, Grant; Morrell, Jeffery; Renfroe, James. 2020. Using boron rods as a source for dual treatment. CROSSTIES. May/June 2020. 2 p.


    Boron rods, diffusion, dual treatment, creosote, cross ties, bridge timbers

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