Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Sally Duncan
    Date: 2003
    Source: Science Findings 59. Portland, OR. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 5 p
    Publication Series: Science Findings
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (406.0 KB)


    In the Pacific Northwest, several recent and dramatic "muddy waters" events have created major problems for water utilities. Resulting from floods and measures to retrofit dams to reduce impacts on temperature, these events also have focused public and scientific attention on interactions among dams, forest-land use, and municipal water supplies. Far from being a simple cause and effect, the key agent is tradeoffs.

    The large Cascade watersheds that provide drinking water for Oregon’s biggest cities (Portland, Salem, Eugene) include actively managed forest lands, large flood-control dams and reservoirs, and urban and agricultural areas. Historically, the impacts of these various land use practices on rivers, aquatic systems, and water supplies have been evaluated individually. But the connections can no longer be ignored.

    Recent research at the Pacific Northwest (PNW) Research Station has explored these linkages and their implications for river and watershed management. The Salem water supply was closed down during the 1996 flood because of excess turbidity. And when the Cougar Reservoir east of Eugene, Oregon, was drawn down to be retrofitted with a temperature control structure in spring 2002, sediments in the reservoir were remobilized. The unanticipated result was a sustained release of turbid water.

    Building on the lessons from 1996, PNW researchers investigated the rate of movement of the Cougar Reservoir sediment downstream and whether the sediment that intruded into the river created potentially negative consequences for spawning fish and other aquatic biota.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Duncan, Sally. 2003. Clarifying muddy water: probing the linkages to municipal water quality. Science Findings 59. Portland, OR. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 5 p

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page