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    Author(s): Christopher J. Fettig; A. Steven Munson; Donald M. Grosman; Darren C. Blackford
    Date: 2020
    Source: Journal of Entomological Science. 55(3): 301-309
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (63.0 KB)


    Bark beetles are important disturbance agents in coniferous forests, and spruce beetle, Dendroctonus rufipennis (Kirby) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is one of the more notable species causing landscape-level tree mortality in western North America. We evaluated the efficacy of bole injections of emamectin benzoate (TREE-äge®; Arborjet Inc., Woburn, MA) alone and combined with propiconazole (Alamo®; Syngenta Crop Protection Inc., Wilmington, DE) for protecting Engelmann spruce, Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelmann (Pinales: Pinaceae), from mortality attributed to colonization by D. rufipennis. Two injection periods in 2013 (the spring and fall of the year prior to trees first being challenged by D. rufipennis in 2014) and distributions of injection points (7.6- and 15.2-cm spacings) were evaluated. Tree mortality was monitored over a 3-yr period (2014–2017). Emamectin benzoate injected in spring at a narrow spacing (7.6 cm) was the only effective treatment. Two (but not three) field seasons of protection can be expected with a single injection of this treatment. We discuss the implications of these and other results regarding the use of emamectin benzoate and propiconazole for protecting western conifers from mortality attributed to bark beetles, and provide suggestions for future research. A table summarizing the appropriate timing of treatments in different bark beetle/host systems is provided.

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    Fettig, Christopher J.; Munson, A. Steven; Grosman, Donald M.; Blackford, Darren C. 2020. Evaluations of bole injections for protecting Engelmann spruce from mortality attributed to spruce beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the Intermountain West. Journal of Entomological Science. 55(3): 301-309.


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    Dendroctonus rufipennis, fungicides, insecticides, Picea engelmannii, tree protection

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