Wood preservation based on in situ polymerization of bioactive monomers: Part 1. Synthesis of bioactive monomers, wood treatments and microscopic analysisAuthor(s): Rebecca Ibach
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Forest Products Laboratory
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In situ polymerization of bioactive monomers was investigated as an alternative to conventional preservative treatments. The results are presented in a series of two papers. In Part 1 of the study, six acrylate monomers with covalently bonded, potentially bioactive moieties were synthesized: (1) pen-tachlorophenolyl acrylate (PCPA), (2) tributyltin acrylate (TBTA), (3) 8-hydroxyquinolyl acrylate (HQA), (4) 5,7-dibromo-8-hydroxyquinolyl acrylate (DBHQA), (5) diethyl-N1N-bis(acryloxyethy1) aminomethyl phosphonate (Fyrol 6 acrylate, F6A), and (6) tetrabromobisphenol A acrylate (TBBPAA). All of these acrylates, except F6A, were purified. Southern pine sapwood samples were treated with acrylate solutions (except TBBPAA) at different retention levels and various amounts of crosslinker (trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate, TMPTM), polymerized in situ, and then acetone leached. The relative amount and location of the polymer in earlywood and latewood of selected samples were determined by scanning electron microscopy and x-ray analysis. Distribution of the compounds varied with treatment. Biological and thermal properties of the treated wood are discussed in Part 2 of this series.
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CitationIbach, R.E.; Rowell, R.M. 2001. Wood preservation based on in situ polymerization of bioactive monomers: Part 1. synthesis of bioactive monomers, wood treatments and microscopic analysis. Holzforschung. 55(2001): 358-364.
KeywordsWood preservation, bioactive monomers, in situ polymerization, pentachlorophenolyl acrylate, tributyltin acrylate, 8 hydroxyquinolyl acrylate, 5 7 dibromo 8 hydroxy quinolyl acrylate, fyrol 6 acrylate, synthesis, southern pine, scanning electron microscopy, x-ray analysis
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