Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): L. Grill; W. C. Morse; J. Schelhas; B. Barlow; M. Wyman
    Date: 2019
    Source: Journal of Park and Recreation Administration
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (934.0 KB)

    Description

    Individuals recreate to realize desired experiences or benefits. When used for recreational planning, benefits-based management (BBM) is an approach that focuses on understanding and managing for the beneficial outcomes of recreational experiences. Outcome focused management (OFM) builds on this to understand the larger system of recreation facilitation and the wider range of outcomes beyond the individual recreational experience. The challenge for outdoor recreation managers is to determine which outcomes are desired by visitors and work to provide appropriate setting and activity opportunities to help them realize those outcomes. Linking setting characteristics to benefits is complicated by the fact that recreationists are not a homogeneous group. Research has been conducted on different activity and setting preferences, motivations, and constraints to outdoor recreation, comparing and contrasting race and gender differences. However, how desired benefits are linked to specific recreation setting characteristics remains poorly understood. Furthermore, studies of recreation opportunity settings often involve a generalized spectrum without addressing many setting characteristics that are important for an increasingly diverse public.

    Our study addresses these research needs by investigating the urban demand for private land recreation and the differences in this demand between race and gender groups within the southeastern U.S. Variables of race (African American/Caucasian) and gender (male/female) were analyzed by motivations (beneficial outcome sought), activity preference, preferred setting characteristics, and constraints. Results show that both females and African Americans place greater importance on the more developed setting aspects of the outdoor recreation experience. Furthermore, while the motivations (beneficial outcomes sought) for the different groups were largely consistent, many of the setting characteristics needed to achieve those same benefits were found to be significantly different across gender and race. This study indicates that management should consider an enlarged conception of important setting characteristics to better understand diverse audiences. More investigation is needed regarding how desired benefits are linked to specific recreation settings across user groups.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Grill, L.; Morse, W. C.; Schelhas, J.; Barlow, B.; Wyman, M. 2019. Implications of setting preference differences by race and gender on the applicability of a benefits-based management approach to recreational planning. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration. 38(2): 62-79. doi: 10.18666/JPRA-2019-9723

    Cited

    Google Scholar

    Keywords

    Race, gender, beneficial outcomes, outdoor recreation, planning

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/60943