Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    A mild methanolysis pretreatment strategy was developed with a recyclable acid, p-TsOH, as the catalyst for the fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass toward its main components. Bamboo fiber was fractionated in one step with dissolution of more than 88% lignin and 90% xylan with most of the cellulose (86.8%) retained in pretreated bamboo at mild conditions (110 °C, 30 min, and 10% p-TsOH). Enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose-rich fraction was enhanced to 89.2% at an enzyme loading of 15 FPU g−1 substrate, nearly 4-fold higher than the untreated bamboo. Most of the xylan (hemicellulose) and lignin in the biomass were extracted and dissolved into the spent liquor. The extracted lignin had higher purity (>94%) and a moderate and homogeneous molecular weight, which could be adapted to add value to lignin. pTsOH can be effectively recovered by recrystallization technology after concentrating the spent liquor. Hemicellulose (xylan) was transformed into methyl xyloside and furfural during the pretreatment. Overall, the described process showed practical significance for the effective fractionation and comprehensive utilization of lignocellulosic biomass components.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Zhai, Qiaolong; Long, Feng; Hse, Chung-yun; Wang, Fei; Shupe, Todd F.; Jiang, Jianchun; Xu, Junming. 2019. Facile fractionation of bamboo wood toward biomass valorization by p -TsOH-Based methanolysis pretreatment . ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 7(23): 19213-19224.


    Google Scholar


    p-Toluenesulfonic acid, Delignification, Methanolysis, Lignocellulose valorization, Enzymatic hydrolysis

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page