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    Author(s): A.B. Carey; K.C. Peeler
    Date: 1995
    Source: Journal of Raptor Research. 29(4): 223-239
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (401 KB)

    Description

    Home ranges of 14 pairs of spotted owls (Strix occidentalis) were studied over four to six seasons in three southwest Oregon landscapes that differed in prey base and degree of forest fragmentation. The general theory of space use and the biology of spotted owls was used to construct a scheme for spatiotemporal analyses that provided insights beyond those possible with polygon home-range methods. Landscape units, precisely defined by habitat type and aspect, were classified as not used, used ¡Üexpected based on area, and used > expected (selected). Selected units were categorized further by consistency of use: frequent, intermittent, and sporadic. Ratios of use categories and costs of use based on distances to units from activity centers revealed that spotted owls adopted different tactics depending on prey base and degree and type of fragmentation. Strategies were in accordance with predictions for central place foragers exploiting patchy environments. Owls generally concentrated their foraging in old forests, but selectively used particular young forest units, especially when dusky-footed woodrats (Neotoma fuscipes) were present. Costs of fragmentation were high, equivalent to the zoogeographic gain of adding the dusky-footed woodrat to the prey base. Selective use of young forests suggests that manipulation of young forests to provide habitat for prey and foraging by the owl would be of value in conservation efforts in this region.

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    Citation

    Carey, A.B.; Peeler, K.C. 1995.. Spotted owls: resource and space use in mosaic landscapes. Journal of Raptor Research. 29(4): 223-239

    Keywords

    home range, optimal foraging, Oregon, space use, spotted owl, Strix occidentalis

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