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    Author(s): Brian Roy Lockhart
    Date: 2004
    Source: Journal of Forestry, Vol. 102, No. 1, p.60 January/February 2004
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (695 KB)


    The author discusses the values of American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), also known as ironwood, blue-beech, or muscle-wood. He details the benefits provided by American hornbeam, though frequently referred to as a weed. Lockhart provides the context in which less desirable species can benefit the forest and the species for which the land is being managed.

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    Lockhart, Brian Roy. 2004. All Species Have Value. Journal of Forestry, Vol. 102, No. 1, p.60 January/February 2004

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