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Mechanical properties of wood-based composite materials



Publication type:

General Technical Report (GTR)

Primary Station(s):

Forest Products Laboratory


Chapter 12 in FPL-GTR-282


The term composite is used to describe any wood material bonded together with adhesives. The current product mix ranges from fiberboard to laminated beams and components. For this chapter, wood-based composite materials are classified into the following categories: panel products (plywood, oriented strandboard (OSB), particleboard, fiberboard, medium-density fiberboard (MDF), hardboard); structural timber products (glued-laminated timber (glulam), laminated veneer lumber (LVL), laminated strand lumber, parallel strand lumber); and wood–nonwood composites (wood fiber–thermoplastics, inorganic-bonded composites). Wood-based composites are used for a number of structural and nonstructural applications. Product lines include panels for both interior and exterior uses, furniture components, and support structures in buildings. Knowledge of the mechanical properties of these products is of critical importance to their proper use.


Cai, Z.; Senalik, C.A.; Ross, R.J. 2021. Chapter 12: Mechanical properties of wood-based composite materials. In: Wood handbook—wood as an engineering material. General Technical Report FPL-GTR-282. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 15 pp.

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