Globally, populations are increasingly migrating to urban environments (United Nations 2017), requiring a rethinking of the management of and access to shared natural resources (Atkinson 2003, Roy 2009). Furthermore, shifts in migration patterns and the introduction of new communities in urban contexts also require an investment in cultural resources (Peters et al. 2010). As communities settle in new environments, cultural factors such as language, traditions and religious practices are critical in laying a foundation and developing a sense of place (i.e. the meanings attached to a spatial setting) but may need to be adapted and transformed to ft new contexts (Jorgensen & Stedman 2001, Antonscich 2010). In some cases, these transformations draw upon new landscapes and natural resources (Berkes 2012, Anderson 2014) to create cultural keystone places – defned as "places of high cultural salience for a particular group of people at a particular time and critical to their identity and wellbeing" (Janowski & Ingold 2012, Cuerrier et al. 2015).
Garcia, Zachary; Sachdeva, Sonya; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika. 2020. Translating spiritual experience into environmental stewardship at Jamaica Bay, New York City. In: Cocks, Michelle L.; Shackleton, Charlie M., eds. Urban Nature: Enriching Belonging, Wellbeing, and Bioculture. New York, NY: Routledge. 144-165. Chapter 8.