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Conversion of conifer wastes into edible and medicinal mushrooms.Author(s): Suki C. Croan
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 54, no. 2 (Feb. 2004). Pages 68-76.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionMushroom-producing white-rot fungi can be used to convert woodwaste into gourmet and medicinal mushrooms. White-rot fungi do not always readily colonize on conifer wood because of its extractives content. This study evaluated the resinous extractive content of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), and an unknown species of southern yellow pine before and after treatment with the extractive-degrading fungi Aureobasidium spp., Ceratocystis spp., and Ophiostoma spp. Fungal treatment removed 70 to 99.9 percent of extractives. Scanning electron microscopy showed heavy mycelial growth of the colorless isolate Ophiostoma piliferum, with good sporulation, on the surface of loblolly and southern yellow pine chips, in the resin canals, and in the parenchyma cells within 4 to 5 days. The treated wood chips were used to cultivate lignolytic mushroom-producing, white-rot basidiomycetes of various Pleurotus species and two other fungi, Grifola frondosa and Hericium erinaceus. The results show that lignolytic white-rot basidiomycetes can easily colonize and produce mushrooms on treated conifer wood chips.
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CitationCroan, Suki C. 2004. Conversion of conifer wastes into edible and medicinal mushrooms. Forest products journal. Vol. 54, no. 2 (Feb. 2004). Pages 68-76.
KeywordsMushrooms, wood wastes, conifer wastes.
- Utilization of treated conifer wood chips by Pleurotus (Fr.) P. Karst. species for cultivating mushrooms
- Evaluation of white-rot fungal growth on southern yellow pine wood chips pretreated with blue-stain fungi
- Diversity of lignicolous basidiomycetes in coarse woody debris
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