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    Author(s): Thomas P. Holmes
    Date: 2003
    Source: In: Sills, Erin O.; Abt, Karen Lee, eds. Forests in a market economy. 2003. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 301.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (9 KB)

    Description

    In addition to commodities such as timber, forest ecosystems provide an array of goods and services that are not priced in markets but maintain, to a large degree, the characteristics of public goods (non-rivalry and non-excludability). Markets do not recognize scarcity of non-market resources and cannot be relied upon to allocate these resources to their highest and best use. In addition, the production of commodities can diminish the non-market values of forests by more than the gain in commodity benefits, leading to losses in social welfare. Non-market valuation methods, as illustrated in this section, have been developed and applied to address these problems of sub- optimal resource allocation.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Holmes, Thomas P. 2003. Non-Market Valuation. In: Sills, Erin O.; Abt, Karen Lee, eds. Forests in a market economy. 2003. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 301.

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