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Growth after thinning a 35-year-old natural stand to different loblolly pine and hardwood basal areasAuthor(s): Michael G. Shelton; Paul A. Murphy
Source: Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 21(4): 168-174.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionGrowth was monitored for 4 years in a thinned stand in southern Arkansas with three pine basal areas (70, 85, and 100 ft2/ac) and three hardwood basal areas (0, 15, and 30 ft2/ac); pretreatment basal areasaveraged 119 and 33 ft2/ac for pines and hardwoods, respectively.Treatments were arranged in a 3 x 3 factorial randomized complete block design with three replicates, yielding 27 permanent 0.20 acre plots. Growth variables were regressed with residual pine and hardwood basal areas. Pine basal area and volume growth increased with the pine stocking level after thinning and decreased with the level of retained hardwoods. For basal area and merchantable volume, hardwood growth largely compensated for losses in the pine component, and thus, hardwood retention had little net effect on the total growth of the stand. The greatest impact of hardwood retention was on the stand's sawtimber growth, because hardwoods did not contribute to this product class. Each 1 ft2/ac of retained hardwood basal area reduced pine sawtimber growth by 6 to 10 bd ft (Doyle/ac/yr, depending on the pine stocking. Because large differences existed in the value of timber products, retaining 15 and 30 ft2/ac of hardwoods reduced the value of timber production by 13 and 24 percent, respectively, at 4 years after thinning.
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CitationShelton, Michael G.; Murphy, Paul A. 1997. Growth after thinning a 35-year-old natural stand to different loblolly pine and hardwood basal areas. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 21(4): 168-174.
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