The use of recovered paper has an influence on the amount of timber harvested as well as the feasibility of expanded recycling programs. During the 1990’s markets and prices for recovered materials have fluctuated widely. There are a number of factors driving these market changes including economic conditions domestically and internationally. The objective of this study was to develop recovered paper supply functions for the five principal grades of recovered paper by focusing on the effects of the spot and contract markets in establishing domestic prices for recovered paper. Two supply functions were estimated for each grade in each of three U.S. supply regions - North, South, and West. For these three United States supply regions, recovered paper supply consists of two elements namely, “long-term contract” and “spot market” supply which are estimated with two separate equations. The results of these estimations were incorporated into the North American Pulp and Paper Model (NAPAP).
Howard, James L.; Skog, Ken; Ince, Peter J. 2002. Projecting recovered paper supply in the United States. Proceedings of the 2001 Society of American Foresters national convention, Denver, Colorado, September 13-17, 2001. Bethesda, MD : Society of American Foresters, c2002: Pages 464-465.