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Global Plant Ecology of Tropical Ultramafic Ecosystems


Claudia Garnica-Díaz
Rosalina Berazaín Iturralde
Betsaida Cabrera
Erick Calderón-Morales
Fermín L. Felipe
Ricardo García
José Luis Gómez Hechavarría
Aretha Franklin Guimarães
Ernesto Medina
Adrian L. D. Paul
Nishanta Rajakaruna
Carla Restrepo
Stefan J. Siebert
Eduardo van den Berg
Antony van der Ent
Grisel Velasquez
Catherine M. Hulshof



Publication type:

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Primary Station(s):

International Institute of Tropical Forestry


The Botanical Review


Ultramafc ecosystems are renowned for high endemism and habitat specialization. However, most of our understanding of ultramafc plant ecology comes from Medi‑ terranean and temperate climes, raising questions about the generalizability of plant responses to ultramafc soils. This is especially apparent in tropical ultramafc eco‑ systems which exhibit a wide range of endemism and diferentiation between ultra‑ mafc and adjacent non-ultramafc soils. Our objectives were two-fold: 1) synthesize our understanding of tropical ultramafc plant ecology, paying particular attention to generalities that may explain variation in endemism and habitat specialization among tropical ultramafc ecosystems; and 2) defne an interdisciplinary research agenda using tropical ultramafc ecosystems as a macroecological model. We dem‑ onstrate that tropical ultramafc foras are diverse and variable in plant form and


Garnica-Díaz, Claudia; Berazaín Iturralde, Rosalina; Cabrera, Betsaida; Calderón-Morales, Erick; Felipe, Fermín L.; García, Ricardo; Hechavarría, José Luis Gómez; Guimarães, Aretha Franklin; Medina, Ernesto; Paul, Adrian L. D.; Rajakaruna, Nishanta; Restrepo, Carla; Siebert, Stefan J.; van den Berg, Eduardo; van der Ent, Antony; Velasquez, Grisel; M. Hulshof, Catherine. 2022. Global Plant Ecology of Tropical Ultramafic Ecosystems. The Botanical Review. 164(S3): S165-.


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