Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

In Forest and Intact: Designating Future Use of Family-Forest-Owned Land


Marla Markowski-Lindsay
Paul Catanzaro
Kathleen Bell
David Kittredge
Ezra Markowitz
Jessica Leahy
Anita Milman
Shorna Allred



Publication type:

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Primary Station(s):

Northern Research Station


Journal of Forestry


Much of the family-forest-owned land in the United States is expected to change hands as current ownerships grow older and pass on their holdings. To date, little research has been conducted on this ownership decision. Using mail survey data from the northeastern United States, we explore family-forest-owner (FFO) legacy planning. We summarized FFO interest in planning for the future use of their land. We found that nearly 50% of respondents believe that controlling future use of their land is important; and one-half to two-thirds of respondents are open to keeping most or all of their land forested and undivided. We investigated legacy priorities influencing FFO intentions and decisions to control use. FFO intentions to keep their land in forest use and intact have significant influence on designating future use. Further, FFOs have distinct legacy goals that significantly influence intention and behavior to designate future use of their land.


Markowski-Lindsay, Marla; Catanzaro, Paul; Bell, Kathleen; Kittredge, David; Markowitz, Ezra; Leahy, Jessica; Butler, Brett; Milman, Anita; Allred, Shorna. 2018. In Forest and Intact: Designating Future Use of Family-Forest-Owned Land. Journal of Forestry. 116(4): 357-366.


Publication Notes

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.