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Type conversion in the US southwest: frontline observations and management responses


Christopher H. Guiterman
Rachel M. Gregg
Laura A. E. Marshall
Jill J. Beckmann
Phillip J. van Mantgem
Donald A. Falk
Jon E. Keeley
Anthony C. Caprio
Jonathan D. Coop
Collin Haffey
R. Keala Hagmann
Stephen T. Jackson
Ellis Q. Margolis
Christopher Marks
Marc D. Meyer
Hugh Safford
Alexandra Dunya Syphard
Alan Taylor
Craig Wilcox
Dennis Carril
Carolyn A. F. Enquist
David Huffman
Nicole A. Molinari
Christina Restaino



Publication type:

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Primary Station(s):

Rocky Mountain Research Station


Fire Ecology. 18: 6.


Forest and nonforest ecosystems of the western United States are experiencing major transformations in response to land-use change, climate warming, and their interactive effects with wildland fire. Some ecosystems are transitioning to persistent alternative types, hereafter called “vegetation type conversion” (VTC). VTC is one of the most pressing management issues in the southwestern US, yet current strategies to intervene and address change often use trial-and-error approaches devised after the fact. To better understand how to manage VTC, we gathered managers, scientists, and practitioners from across the southwestern US to collect their experiences with VTC challenges, management responses, and outcomes.


Guiterman, Christopher H.; Gregg, Rachel M.; Marshall, Laura A. E.; Beckmann, Jill J.; van Mantgem, Phillip J.; Falk, Donald A.; Keeley, Jon E.; Caprio, Anthony C.; Coop, Jonathan D.; Fornwalt, Paula J.; Haffey, Collin; Hagmann, R. Keala; Jackson, Stephen T.; Lynch, Ann M.; Margolis, Ellis Q.; Marks, Christopher; Meyer, Marc D.; Safford, Hugh; Syphard, Alexandra Dunya; Taylor, Alan; Wilcox, Craig; Carril, Dennis; Enquist, Carolyn A. F.; Huffman, David; Iniguez, Jose; Molinari, Nicole A.; Restaino, Christina; Stevens, Jens T. 2022. Type conversion in the US southwest: frontline observations and management responses. Fire Ecology. 18: 6.


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