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Disease‐related population declines in bats demonstrate non‐exchangeability in generalist predators

Author(s):

Amy K. Wray
Claudio Gratton
Jing Jamie Wang
Jade M. Kochanski
M. Zachariah. Peery

Year:

2022

Publication type:

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Primary Station(s):

Northern Research Station

Source:

Ecology and Evolution. 12(6): e8978. 13 p.

Description

The extent to which persisting species may fill the functional role of extirpated or declining species has profound implications for the structure of biological communities and ecosystem functioning. In North America, arthropodivorous bats are threatened on a continent-wide scale by the spread of white-nose syndrome (WNS), a disease caused by the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans. We tested whether bat species that display lower mortality from this disease can partially fill the functional role of other bat species experiencing population declines. Specifically, we performed high-throughput amplicon sequencing of guano from two generalist predators: the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus) and big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus). We then compared changes in prey consumption before versus after population declines related to WNS. Dietary niches contracted for both species after large and abrupt declines in little brown bats and smaller declines in big brown bats, but interspecific dietary overlap did not change. Furthermore, the incidence and taxonomic richness of agricultural pest taxa detected in diet samples decreased following bat population declines. Our results suggest that persisting generalist predators do not necessarily expand their dietary niches following population declines in other predators, providing further evidence that the functional roles of different generalist predators are ecologically distinct.

Citation

Wray, Amy K.; Gratton, Claudio; Jusino, Michelle A.; Wang, Jing Jamie; Kochanski, Jade M.; Palmer, Jonathan M.; Banik, Mark T.; Lindner, Daniel L.; Peery, M. Zachariah. 2022. Disease‐related population declines in bats demonstrate non‐exchangeability in generalist predators. Ecology and Evolution. 12(6): e8978. 13 p. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8978.

Cited

Publication Notes

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/64624