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Human Health Impacts of Forest Fires in the Southern United States: A Literature ReviewAuthor(s): Cynthia T. Fowler
Source: Journal of Ecological Antropology Vol. 7, p. 39-59
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionForestry management practices can shape patterns of health, illness, and disease. A primary goal for owners federal, state, andprivate forests is to crap ecosystem management plans that simultaneously optimize forest health and human health. Fire-a major forest management issue in the United States-complicates these goals. Wildfires are natural phenomena with unpredictable effects. Controlled fires, on the other hand, are often prescribed to reduce biomass fuels, reduce wildfire risks, and protect resource values. While fires can enhance the health of forest-adapted ecosystems, research on the human health impacts of smoke from fires is somewhat equivocal. This artirle synthesizes 30 years of research on the human health impacts off tforest fires. It summarizes our current state of knowledge about the following: biopbysical efects of environmental contamination resulting from forest fires; psychosocial impacts of forest fires; occupational exposure issues among fire crew; visibility impairment from forest fire smoke; and health care measures that address the impacts of forest fires. This article provides information that may be usefil for Land managers, researchers, policy makers, health care workers, and the general public in decision-making aboutforest managementpractices. It alro recommends tbat&ture research use integrative health mode.h and adopt ethnographic research methods.
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CitationFowler, Cynthia T. 2003. Human Health Impacts of Forest Fires in the Southern United States: A Literature Review. Journal of Ecological Antropology Vol. 7, p. 39-59
- Modeling human-environmental systems
- Impacts of vegetation fire emissions on the environment, human health, and security: a global perspective
- Exploring connections between trees and human health
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