Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Fire History of a Forest, Savanna, and Fen Mosaic at White Ranch State Forest

Author(s):

Ricahrd P. Guyette
Michael C. Stambaugh

Year:

2004

Publication type:

General Technical Report (GTR)

Primary Station(s):

Southern Research Station

Source:

Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-73. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pp. 132-137

Description

We present the fire history of a 1-km2 area that is a mosaic of oak forest, savanna, and fen on the White Ranch State Forest, Howell County, Missouri. We dated 135 fire scars on 35 cross-sections of post oak ( Quercus stellata) trees and constructed a fire chronology dating from 1705 to 1997. Mean fire return intervals by periods were 3.7 years (1705 to 1830), 7.6 years (1831 to 1960), and 3.6 years (1961 to 1997). Fire frequency was positively correlated (r = 0.53, p <0.01) with the expansion and migration of the Osage Tribe from 1710 to 1830. Later, between 1831 and 1900, exponential increases in Euro-American population density were negatively correlated (r = -0.64, p <0.05) with fire frequency. Fires were more likely to have occurred in drought years before 1830 than after 1830. Droughts after 1830 were related to the percent of trees scarred during years with evidence of fire.

Citation

Dey, Daniel C.; Guyette, Ricahrd P.; Stambaugh, Michael C. 2004. Fire History of a Forest, Savanna, and Fen Mosaic at White Ranch State Forest. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-73. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pp. 132-137

Publication Notes

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/6511