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    Changes in historic disturbance regimes and the resulting changes in forest composition and structure have contributed to oak (Quercus spp.) regeneration difficulties across much of its geographic range. One important component of oak regeneration is the establishment and development of advance oak reproduction. Another is reducing competing vegetation to enhance the development of oak reproduction. Past and ongoing research in the use of soil scarification to enhance establishment and competitive position of oak reproduction from seed is summarized in this paper. Within each study presented, initial establishment of oak reproduction was significantly greater in scarified areas compared to the controls. From these studies, a series of management recommendations have been developed and will be presented to provide researchers and land managers with information on applicability of soil scarification treatments to enhance initial establishment oak reproduction.

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    Lhotka, John M.; Zaczek, James J.; Graham, Russell T. 2004. The Influence of Soil Scarification on Oak Reproduction: Review and Management Considerations. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-73. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pp. 292-294

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