Skip to Main Content
Flood Plain Topography Affects Establishment Success of Direct-Seeded Bottomland OaksAuthor(s): Emile S. Gardiner; John D. Hodges; T. Conner Fristoe
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–71. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pp. 581-585
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: Download Publication (142 KB)
DescriptionFive bottomland oak species were direct seeded along a topographical gradient in a flood plain to determine if environmental factors related to relative position in the flood plain influenced seedling establishment and survival. Two years after installation of the plantation, seedling establishment rates ranged from 12±1.6 (mean ± standard error) percent for overcup oak ( Quercus lyrata Walt.) to 33±2.3 percent for Nuttall oak (Q. nuttallii Palmer). Germination and survival of swamp laurel oak (Q. laurifolia Michx.), willow oak (Q. phellos L.), and water oak (Q. nigra L.) ranked intermediate and averaged 21 percent. Nuttall oak seedlings averaged about 18.6±0.7 inches tall after two growing seasons, while shoot length of swamp laurel oak and water oak averaged 8.8±0.6 inches. Species rankings for growth of root-collar diameter tracked those for height growth. For a given species, logistic function models indicated that site factors associated with relative elevation in the flood plain strongly influenced seedling establishment and survival. Establishment and survival of all species responded positively to elevation. We summarize implications of our findings to afforestation and reforestation of alluvial flood plain sites within the context of site delineation and species assignments.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationGardiner, Emile S.; Hodges, John D.; Fristoe, T. Conner. 2004. Flood Plain Topography Affects Establishment Success of Direct-Seeded Bottomland Oaks. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–71. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pp. 581-585
- An ecologically based approach to oak silviculture: a synthesis of 50 years of oak ecosystem research in North America
- Estimating site index from tree species composition in mixed stands of upland eastern hardwoods: Should shrubs be included?
- Origin, development, and impact of mountain laurel thickets on the mixed-oak forests of the central Appalachian Mountains, USA
XML: View XML